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In this module we will be addressing the topic of urban crime and policing the city.? By the end of this module you should know the following:n
nEssay Question?nnBased on your examination of the readings and sources,?what do you think was the most formidable obstacle to implementing policing?in nineteenth-century London???How did gender and class shape fears of urban crime in nineteenth-century cities???In your opinion,?has the relationship between gender, class and fears of urban crime changed?? Be sure to back up your position with specific examples from the assigned readings and sources.nnSOLUTIONnnEuropean City in the Industrial AgennThe industrial revolution transformed European rural societies into urban societies which in turn resulted into huge transformation of European social and economic life. As such, this essay will discuss the most formidable obstacle to implementing policing?in nineteenth-century London, and how gender and class shaped fears of urban crime in nineteenth-century cities. The essay will also discuss whether the relationship between gender, class and fears of urban crime has changed.nnThe most formidable obstacle to implementing policing?in nineteenth-century London was the powerful role played by the media in shaping public opinion in a negative way which in turn made it difficult for police to maintain law and order. For instance, anti-Semitism was one tide of racism that was orchestrated by the popular media which heightened anti-Jewish riots (Walkowitz, 203). This role played by the media created hatred and in the case of Jack the Ripper, the people asserted that no Englishman could have committed such a crime and as such, the serial killer had to be a Jew. In addition, the media did not just spread racism; it also spread hate among Englishmen. For instance, the media, after blaming the Jews was temporarily out of fashion, claimed that the Ripper murders were committed by doctors (Walkowitz, 203). As seen in the image below published in 1895, a police officer is attacked by an angry crowd and such incidents, it may be argued mostly encouraged by the media (Picard). As such, the media became a great obstacle to implementing policing as it created and spread unlawful sentiments thereby creating public disorder.nnnnSource (Picard)nnGender and class shaped fears of urban crime in nineteenth-century cities in various ways. To start with, women feared that the murderer in the case of Ripper murders would have been a ?mad doctor? targeting women for medical research (Walkowitz, 210). Women fears were also shaped by the fact that??????????..